CEMPD has, within the short span of its
existence, undertaken and successfully completed a fairly wide range of
projects as under:
- Study on flood disaster management:
Integration of early warning system, micro-level village planning and
institution building in West Bengal
Sponsored by: National
Disaster Management Centre, Dept of Home, Govt. of India
- Evaluating action planning for enhanced
natural resources management in peri-urban Kolkata
Sponsored by: NRSP-DFID in
collaboration with University of Stirling,
Primarily the project aimed to evaluate action planning as a planning approach
in the complex social and administrative context of peri‐urban Kolkata. Diversity of livelihoods
and natural resources were understood within the DFID livelihood framework
through community surveys of various levels of stakeholders and focus group
interviews. Action plans were devised on the basis of these expert interviews
to provide an opportunity for the Govt., land owners, laborers and others to decide
upon a set of actions that will benefit all concerned.
environmental management in West Bengal
by: Asian Development Bank in
collaboration with Intercontinental Consultants and Technocrats Pvt. Ltd.
In association with: Balloffet
International LLC, USA & Water & Power Consultancy Services (India) Ltd.
study on utilization of water resources at the village level in West Bengal
Sponsored by: AFGRP, DFID,
in collaboration with University of Stirling, UK
Documentation of Aquatic Resource use in West Bengal (aquaculture strategy
studies). Addressed issues of integrated water use in aqua‐culture and agriculture through farmer
participatory research trials to boost fish production in pond dike systems,
analysis of interactions at the production or market interface for aquatic
products, participatory action research to optimize agro‐aquatic production, enhanced species
diversity management, strategies for agrochemical application and management,
and understanding the roles of integrated agriculture as a social safety net in
urbanizing areas through household surveys and focus group discussions.
generation and community mobilization in East Kolkata Wetlands (EKW) Area
Environment Improvement Project (KEIP), Kolkata Municipal Corporation (KMC)
Objective: A 1000 household survey was done to know a detail lifestyle
of the people living in the EKW area, the toilets, water supply, roads,
education, mode of income, livelihood, etc. ,
The local people have been taken into confidence by making them aware of the uniqueness
and importance of waste recycling activities. It has been realized that
capacity building activities need to be launched to optimize the resources use
in this area. Following these objectives a household survey has been conducted
under the project named “Awareness Generation & Community Mobilization In
EKW Area”. This survey has been done in three phases – 1) Collection of primary
data from ten thousand households (family defined as using same kitchen), 2)
Focus group discussions in villages, schools, local clubs etc, 3) preparation
of resource maps by local villagers. From these three major activities
undertaken in phases, the following information and stakeholders’ opinion have
From an analysis of the primary survey
data, focus group discussions and the resource maps it appears that local
people are not quite aware of the uniqueness of EKW; nor have they any
understanding of Ramsar Declaration.
a)The local people are not adequately aware of the
uniqueness of the EKW System, which
provides their livelihood as also their habitation.
b) Neither they are aware of its being declared as a Ramsar
site and what it implies.
c) They are also not aware about the
steps taken by the government to protect and improve it.
d) They are also not aware about the legislation passed in
this respect or the authority created to monitor its upkeep.
e) While they are very much concerned about the problems
faced by them in their existing
occupation and daily life, they are neither aware about the possible
alternative and improved use of the resource pool they are having nor have they
any clear idea as to how they can improve their livelihood.
f) There is also no government or non-government agency
active in these respects.
on the environmental and social issues related to East-West metro corridor project, Kolkata
Sponsored by: Transport Department; Govt. of West Bengal and RITES
Experience: Kolkata is a fast growing city. Its
population is now about 4.5 million with an extended metropolitan population
over 14 million likely to reach 22 million by the year 2025. The vehicle
population in the city is growing at an increasing rate, causing air and sound
pollution and health problems. Each & every day the huge number of vehicles
is congesting the roads and restricting the pace of movement.
The inadequacy of public transport system
has caused mushrooming growth of two wheelers & three wheelers in the city.
The road accidents in the city are increasing at an alarming rate.
In 1971 a master plan was prepared for
constructing five rapid transit lines .Priority was given to the N-S corridor
between DumDum and Tollygunge. As a 2nd priority E-W corridor of
Kolkata Metro project was proposed to develop a new metro alignment between
Kolkata and Howrah to meet the further transport demand of Kolkata Metropolitan
The main objective for introducing 2nd metro rail
system in Kolkata is to develop more efficient transportation system for the
general public with its wider socio-economic benefits. The nature and magnitude
of the impact that metro rail system might have for the people of Kolkata and
its surrounding areas, is an important issues to be addressed.
of DPR for setting up wetland interpretation center in EKW area in association
with Wetland and Waterfowl Trust, UK
Sponsored by: KEIP, KMC
flood study on Ganga –Brahmaputra- Meghna
Sponsored by: India Water
of Human Development, New Delhi.
Experience: Floods are a common feature in the
country that occurs every year in many parts including South India. However,
the Himalayan Rivers during the monsoons cause the maximum damage in North
India, particularly in the States of Bihar, parts of Orissa, Eastern Uttar
Pradesh and West Bengal. The tributaries of Ganga emanating from Nepal, Bhutan
and Sikkim carry torrential discharges loaded with silt and debris running
steeply on the Southern slopes of the Himalayas before joining the Ganga. The
Southern tributaries of Ganga, being monsoon fed and flowing through harder
formations with flatter slopes do not carry heavy silt and debris as much as
those of the North. Due to the clogging of confluences of the tributaries with
the main river which also will have floods, the floods in the plains get
exacerbated apart from the deposition of silt and debris. The floods occur in
the plains north of Ganga in almost all the States as named above.
River causes heavy floods at the same time in the North-Eastern States of
Assam, Manipur, Nagaland, Meghalaya, Arunachal Pradesh and Mizoram in varying
degrees and finally in West Bengal along with Ganga that branches into Hoogli
and Padma River joining Brahmaputra in Bangladesh where Meghna also joins
Brahmaputra causing heavy floods in Bangladesh before entering the Bay of
As the floods are natural phenomenon,
complete elimination or control of floods is neither practically possible nor
economically feasible. Hence, flood management aims at providing a reasonable
degree of protection against flood damage and loss of lives within reasonable
of documentary film for awareness programme in EKW area
Sponsored by: CESC Limited
pictorial view and in their words a documentary of the livelihood of the people
living in East Kolkata Wetlands. A few words of the people living there and few
from the people who are closely associated with the place and its livelihood.
and Capacity building material in
support of the East Kolkata Wetlands Environmental Plan
Sponsored by: University
of Essex, UK
Kolkata Environmental Management Plan Preparation
Sponsored by: University of Essex, UK
Experience: The East Kolkata Wetlands provides an
alternative approach to solid and liquid waste management for other towns and
cities, both in India and worldwide. The global importance of the Wetlands was
confirmed following the designation of the EKW as a Ramsar Site. The 12,500 ha
East Kolkata Wetlands was designated a ‘Wetland of International Importance’ on
19th August 2002‘The East Kolkata Wetlands (Conservation and
Management) Act, 2006’ represented a major constitutional commitment to
preserving the Wetlands for current and future generations. The Act makes
provision for the ‘conservation and management of the East Kolkata wetlands’
and presents a schedule of landholdings within the East Kolkata Wetlands,
specifying their character and mode of use. It also sets the functions and
powers of the East Kolkata Wetlands Management Authority (EKMWA). A preliminary
task of the EKWMA has been to prepare an Environmental Management Plan (EMP)
for the EKW. Initially 4 sections of the EKW Environmental Management Plan have
been developed in consultation with stakeholders, namely: Aquaculture
Management Plan; Wastewater Management Plan; Waste Recycling Plan; Best
Practices Plan. The next phase is to agree with stakeholders how exactly to
implement the EMP, monitor and evaluate outcomes and revise as and when
required. The principle purpose of the Environmental Management Manual (EMM)
presented here is to support implementation of the EKW EMP.
of EIA cum EMP for WTP at Dhapa, Kolkata
Experience: Kolkata Municipal Corporation (KMC) has
decided to construct 30MGD water treatment plant (WTP) at Dhapa for supplying
treated surface water to the people residing along eastern part of Kolkata.
Kolkata is expanding along eastern corridor and for sustainable environmental
management, source of water supply need to be changed from groundwater to
surface water immediately. If ground water supply is continued in future years
in the said areas, the water deficit rate in the aquifer will increase sharply
resulting in scarcity of ground water as well as further decline of groundwater
table. It is proposed to construct a water treatment plant of 30MGD capacity at
Dhapa. It will supply treated water in the eastern part of Kolkata in the parts
of ward no: 56, 57, 58, 59, 66, 101, 103, 104, 105, 106, 107, 108, 109 and 110
of Borough VII, XI and XII.
- Organizing Study tour of senior officials
of Govt. of West Bengal to gain first
hand field based experience of
comparable Wetlands Conservation practices in South- East Asian countries.
by: University of Essex,
Wetland Inventory and Assessment (NWIA).
Sponsored by: OPSIS System, Kolkata.
generate a comprehensive wetland inventory of the country on 1:50000 scale
using latest IRS Satellite data, creation of digital database of wetlands as
per NNRMS (National Natural Resources Management System) standards, and
development of a query shell for information retrieval.
We have recently worked on the Wetland
Project in Bihar. It is a project of ISRO, Ahmedabad who felt the need for the
creation of wetland database in GIS for the monitoring, conservation and
planning for the wetlands of India. Wetlands are among the most productive
ecosystems besides being a rich repository of biodiversity and are known to
play a significant role in carbon sequestration. We have used IRS LISS III satellite imagery and the Survey of India
Objectives of the project:-
mapping and inventory analysis on the basis of the satellite data of post and
of digital database in GIS environment.
wetland maps using the GIS data base in 50,000 scale
threats of the wetlands and decide on future policy action
of state-wise wetland atlases.
need to identify the two types of wetlands-natural and manmade. This project
gives us particulars of the wetlands of Bihar; their location, local name, if
any, quality of water like turbidity, analyzing threats and their socio-economic
data. We also find many seasonal wetlands too.
Awareness Building Programme in East Kolkata Wetlands Area
By: CESC Limited, Kolkata
Experience: An Awareness Generation
program was carried out throughout the EKW area to make people aware about the
importance of the place they live in. Trainings were held on horticulture, pisciculture,
floriculture were given so that people living there can improve their
livelihood. A survey on sanitation was done and few proper hygienic toilets
were built with the help of KMC. Awareness Generation was also carried out in
the schools present in the EKW area. Panchayat meeting and focus group discussion were also held, specially
with the women.
- Inventory of Wetlands of the State of
by: Institute of Environmental Studies and Wetland Management (IESWM), Govt.
of West Bengal
A survey was done for scientific and biodiversity related data collection of
the Wetlands present in the state Haryana.
Globalization: The World of Auto-Rickshaw Pullers in Kolkata
Experience: It is the study of auto rickshaw pullers in
Kolkata witnessing rapid transition of globalization and liberalization of
Indian economy. This project seeks to undertake a study of the world of the
auto-rickshaw pullers in the city of Kolkata which has been witnessing rapid
transition in the wake of globalization and liberalization of Indian
has always been known for a paradox in its transport system. On the one hand,
it offers possibly one of the cheapest transport facilities to its people. The
different types of public transport vehicles in the city include metro and
circular rail, trams, buses – private, government and private chartered,
private cars carrying passenger on shuttle trips, taxis, hand-pulled rickshaw
and auto-rickshaw. The last, though the latest addition in the list, has
increased dramatically in the last decade and a half. There is no official
estimate as to the number of auto-rickshaws plying in the city and its northern
and southern fringes. Only a small section of the auto-rickshaws are
registered, the rest passengers and environmental pollution.
deals with the modification of the auto rickshaws and the routes used by them.
Though auto-rickshaw pullers are the primary units of this investigation, the
study also focuses on union leaders, cross-section of auto-rickshaw users and
administrative personnel including the police. The study will primarily
method through face-to-face interview with structured interview schedule.
had an initial survey on the routes used by the autos in Kolkata. We have also
done a study on the time to time modification, rules applied on the auto
rickshaws. We are also looking at newspaper reports and pamphlets and other
documents, to the extent available, of the route unions.
Program on GIS and Remote Sensing Application in Environmental Management
Along with the various ongoing projects
we also undertake training programs. An example is the training program held
from April to July, 2009 for the IEM students in collaboration with Institute
of Engineering and Management. The aim of the training was to make the students
acquainted with the GIS software, and the application of remote sensing in
students were given both theory and practical classes. During the project, the
students did a project on the Ganga Basin that comprised of in-depth study of
the Lower Ganga Basin. The raw data given to the students were processed using
the software to help the user to determine the area of scouring and deposition.
- Environmental Awareness Programme
Sponsored by: CESC Limited
Experience: The awareness was spread not only in the EKW
area but also outside the EKW area in the schools of Kolkata. Afforestation
program were carried out in different locations within the EKW area. Advance
training was given to improve the livelihood of the people living in the EKW
Different schools of Kolkata were
included in this awareness program. In this program we had different events
like drawing competition, caption writing and a slide show presentation. It was
an interactive format used to make the students fully involve in the awareness
Afforestation program was undertaken within
the East Kolkata Wetlands area. A survey was done to select the location for
the afforestation program. The program was carried out with the help of the
local club members and the school students. Both deciduous and evergreen
varieties of plants were planted in our selected location.
Different training on horticulture,
pisciculture, and floriculture were given to improve their livelihood.