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Success Stories

CEMPD has, within the short span of its existence, undertaken and successfully completed a fairly wide range of projects as under: 

 

  •   Study on flood disaster management: Integration of early warning system, micro-level village planning and institution building in West Bengal

Sponsored by: National Disaster Management Centre, Dept of Home, Govt. of India

 

  •   Evaluating action planning for enhanced natural resources management in peri-urban Kolkata

Sponsored by: NRSP-DFID in collaboration with University of Stirling, UK

Experience: Primarily the project aimed to evaluate action planning as a planning approach in the complex social and administrative context of periurban Kolkata. Diversity of livelihoods and natural resources were understood within the DFID livelihood framework through community surveys of various levels of stakeholders and focus group interviews. Action plans were devised on the basis of these expert interviews to provide an opportunity for the Govt., land owners, laborers and others to decide upon a set of actions that will benefit all concerned.

 

 

  • Strengthening environmental management in West Bengal

Sponsored by:  Asian Development Bank in collaboration with Intercontinental Consultants and Technocrats Pvt. Ltd.

In association with: Balloffet International LLC, USA & Water & Power Consultancy Services (India) Ltd.

 

  • Pilot study on utilization of water resources at the village level in West Bengal

Sponsored by: AFGRP, DFID, in collaboration with University of Stirling, UK

Experience: Documentation of Aquatic Resource use in West Bengal (aquaculture strategy studies). Addressed issues of integrated water use in aquaculture and agriculture through farmer participatory research trials to boost fish production in pond dike systems, analysis of interactions at the production or market interface for aquatic products, participatory action research to optimize agroaquatic production, enhanced species diversity management, strategies for agrochemical application and management, and understanding the roles of integrated agriculture as a social safety net in urbanizing areas through household surveys and focus group discussions.

 

 

  •  Awareness generation and community mobilization in East Kolkata Wetlands (EKW)  Area

Sponsored by: Kolkata Environment Improvement Project (KEIP), Kolkata Municipal Corporation (KMC)

Objective: A 1000 household survey was done to know a detail lifestyle of the people living in the EKW area, the toilets, water supply, roads, education, mode of income, livelihood, etc. , The local people have been taken into confidence by making them aware of the uniqueness and importance of waste recycling activities. It has been realized that capacity building activities need to be launched to optimize the resources use in this area. Following these objectives a household survey has been conducted under the project named “Awareness Generation & Community Mobilization In EKW Area”. This survey has been done in three phases – 1) Collection of primary data from ten thousand households (family defined as using same kitchen), 2) Focus group discussions in villages, schools, local clubs etc, 3) preparation of resource maps by local villagers. From these three major activities undertaken in phases, the following information and stakeholders’ opinion have been gathered.

From an analysis of the primary survey data, focus group discussions and the resource maps it appears that local people are not quite aware of the uniqueness of EKW; nor have they any understanding of Ramsar Declaration. 

a)The local people are not adequately aware of the uniqueness of the EKW System, which    provides their livelihood as also their habitation.

b) Neither they are aware of its being declared as a Ramsar site and what it implies.

c) They are also not aware about the steps taken by the government to protect and improve it.

d) They are also not aware about the legislation passed in this respect or the authority created to monitor its upkeep.

e) While they are very much concerned about the problems faced by them in their existing occupation and daily life, they are neither aware about the possible alternative and improved use of the resource pool they are having nor have they any clear idea as to how they can improve their livelihood.

f) There is also no government or non-government agency active in these respects.

 

 

  •  Study on the environmental and social issues related to  East-West metro corridor project, Kolkata

Sponsored by:  Transport Department; Govt. of West Bengal and RITES

Experience: Kolkata is a fast growing city. Its population is now about 4.5 million with an extended metropolitan population over 14 million likely to reach 22 million by the year 2025. The vehicle population in the city is growing at an increasing rate, causing air and sound pollution and health problems. Each & every day the huge number of vehicles is congesting the roads and restricting the pace of movement.

The inadequacy of public transport system has caused mushrooming growth of two wheelers & three wheelers in the city. The road accidents in the city are increasing at an alarming rate.

In 1971 a master plan was prepared for constructing five rapid transit lines .Priority was given to the N-S corridor between DumDum and Tollygunge. As a 2nd priority E-W corridor of Kolkata Metro project was proposed to develop a new metro alignment between Kolkata and Howrah to meet the further transport demand of Kolkata Metropolitan Area.

The main objective for introducing 2nd metro rail system in Kolkata is to develop more efficient transportation system for the general public with its wider socio-economic benefits. The nature and magnitude of the impact that metro rail system might have for the people of Kolkata and its surrounding areas, is an important issues to be addressed.

 

  • Preparation of DPR for setting up wetland interpretation center in EKW area in association with Wetland and Waterfowl Trust, UK

Sponsored by:  KEIP, KMC

 

  • Indian flood study on Ganga –Brahmaputra- Meghna (GBM) basin.

Sponsored by: India Water Partnership, Institute of Human Development, New Delhi.

Experience: Floods are a common feature in the country that occurs every year in many parts including South India. However, the Himalayan Rivers during the monsoons cause the maximum damage in North India, particularly in the States of Bihar, parts of Orissa, Eastern Uttar Pradesh and West Bengal. The tributaries of Ganga emanating from Nepal, Bhutan and Sikkim carry torrential discharges loaded with silt and debris running steeply on the Southern slopes of the Himalayas before joining the Ganga. The Southern tributaries of Ganga, being monsoon fed and flowing through harder formations with flatter slopes do not carry heavy silt and debris as much as those of the North. Due to the clogging of confluences of the tributaries with the main river which also will have floods, the floods in the plains get exacerbated apart from the deposition of silt and debris. The floods occur in the plains north of Ganga in almost all the States as named above.

The Brahmaputra River causes heavy floods at the same time in the North-Eastern States of Assam, Manipur, Nagaland, Meghalaya, Arunachal Pradesh and Mizoram in varying degrees and finally in West Bengal along with Ganga that branches into Hoogli and Padma River joining Brahmaputra in Bangladesh where Meghna also joins Brahmaputra causing heavy floods in Bangladesh before entering the Bay of Bengal.  

As the floods are natural phenomenon, complete elimination or control of floods is neither practically possible nor economically feasible. Hence, flood management aims at providing a reasonable degree of protection against flood damage and loss of lives within reasonable costs.

 

 

  •  Production of documentary film for awareness programme in EKW area

Sponsored by: CESC Limited

Objective: A pictorial view and in their words a documentary of the livelihood of the people living in East Kolkata Wetlands. A few words of the people living there and few from the people who are closely associated with the place and its livelihood.

 

  •  Communication and Capacity building material  in support of the East Kolkata Wetlands Environmental Plan

Sponsored by: University of Essex, UK

 

  • East Kolkata Environmental Management Plan Preparation

Sponsored by: University of Essex, UK

Experience: The East Kolkata Wetlands provides an alternative approach to solid and liquid waste management for other towns and cities, both in India and worldwide. The global importance of the Wetlands was confirmed following the designation of the EKW as a Ramsar Site. The 12,500 ha East Kolkata Wetlands was designated a ‘Wetland of International Importance’ on 19th August 2002‘The East Kolkata Wetlands (Conservation and Management) Act, 2006’ represented a major constitutional commitment to preserving the Wetlands for current and future generations. The Act makes provision for the ‘conservation and management of the East Kolkata wetlands’ and presents a schedule of landholdings within the East Kolkata Wetlands, specifying their character and mode of use. It also sets the functions and powers of the East Kolkata Wetlands Management Authority (EKMWA). A preliminary task of the EKWMA has been to prepare an Environmental Management Plan (EMP) for the EKW. Initially 4 sections of the EKW Environmental Management Plan have been developed in consultation with stakeholders, namely: Aquaculture Management Plan; Wastewater Management Plan; Waste Recycling Plan; Best Practices Plan. The next phase is to agree with stakeholders how exactly to implement the EMP, monitor and evaluate outcomes and revise as and when required. The principle purpose of the Environmental Management Manual (EMM) presented here is to support implementation of the EKW EMP.

  •  Preparation of EIA cum EMP for WTP at Dhapa, Kolkata

            Sponsored by: KMC

Experience: Kolkata Municipal Corporation (KMC) has decided to construct 30MGD water treatment plant (WTP) at Dhapa for supplying treated surface water to the people residing along eastern part of Kolkata. Kolkata is expanding along eastern corridor and for sustainable environmental management, source of water supply need to be changed from groundwater to surface water immediately. If ground water supply is continued in future years in the said areas, the water deficit rate in the aquifer will increase sharply resulting in scarcity of ground water as well as further decline of groundwater table. It is proposed to construct a water treatment plant of 30MGD capacity at Dhapa. It will supply treated water in the eastern part of Kolkata in the parts of ward no: 56, 57, 58, 59, 66, 101, 103, 104, 105, 106, 107, 108, 109 and 110 of Borough VII, XI and XII.

 

 

  •   Organizing Study tour of senior officials of   Govt. of West Bengal to gain first hand   field based experience of comparable Wetlands Conservation practices in South- East Asian countries.

Sponsored by: University of Essex, UK

 

  •  National Wetland Inventory and Assessment (NWIA).

Sponsored by:  OPSIS System, Kolkata.

Experience: To generate a comprehensive wetland inventory of the country on 1:50000 scale using latest IRS Satellite data, creation of digital database of wetlands as per NNRMS (National Natural Resources Management System) standards, and development of a query shell for information retrieval.

We have recently worked on the Wetland Project in Bihar. It is a project of ISRO, Ahmedabad who felt the need for the creation of wetland database in GIS for the monitoring, conservation and planning for the wetlands of India. Wetlands are among the most productive ecosystems besides being a rich repository of biodiversity and are known to play a significant role in carbon sequestration. We have used IRS LISS III satellite imagery and the Survey of India Toposheets.

Objectives of the project:-

1.       Wetland mapping and inventory analysis on the basis of the satellite data of post and pre-monsoon seasons.

2.      Creation of digital database in GIS environment.

3.      Preparing wetland maps using the GIS data base in 50,000 scale

4.      Analyzing threats of the wetlands and decide on future policy action

5.      Preparation of state-wise wetland atlases.

6.      We need to identify the two types of wetlands-natural and manmade. This project gives us particulars of the wetlands of Bihar; their location, local name, if any, quality of water like turbidity, analyzing threats and their socio-economic data. We also find many seasonal wetlands too.

 

  •  Environmental Awareness Building Programme in East Kolkata Wetlands Area

Sponsored By: CESC Limited, Kolkata

Experience: An Awareness Generation program was carried out throughout the EKW area to make people aware about the importance of the place they live in. Trainings were held on horticulture, pisciculture, floriculture were given so that people living there can improve their livelihood. A survey on sanitation was done and few proper hygienic toilets were built with the help of KMC. Awareness Generation was also carried out in the schools present in the EKW area. Panchayat meeting and focus  group discussion were also held, specially with the women.

 

  •   Inventory of Wetlands of the State of Haryana

Sponsored by: Institute of Environmental Studies and Wetland Management (IESWM), Govt. of West Bengal

Experience: A survey was done for scientific and biodiversity related data collection of the Wetlands present in the state Haryana.

 

  •  Negotiating Globalization: The World of Auto-Rickshaw Pullers in Kolkata

           Sponsored by: ICSSR

Experience: It is the study of auto rickshaw pullers in Kolkata witnessing rapid transition of globalization and liberalization of Indian economy. This project seeks to undertake a study of the world of the auto-rickshaw pullers in the city of Kolkata which has been witnessing rapid transition in the wake of globalization and liberalization of Indian economy. 

Kolkata has always been known for a paradox in its transport system. On the one hand, it offers possibly one of the cheapest transport facilities to its people. The different types of public transport vehicles in the city include metro and circular rail, trams, buses – private, government and private chartered, private cars carrying passenger on shuttle trips, taxis, hand-pulled rickshaw and auto-rickshaw. The last, though the latest addition in the list, has increased dramatically in the last decade and a half. There is no official estimate as to the number of auto-rickshaws plying in the city and its northern and southern fringes. Only a small section of the auto-rickshaws are registered, the rest passengers and environmental pollution.

This project deals with the modification of the auto rickshaws and the routes used by them. Though auto-rickshaw pullers are the primary units of this investigation, the study also focuses on union leaders, cross-section of auto-rickshaw users and administrative personnel including the police. The study will primarily      

use survey method through face-to-face interview with structured interview schedule.

We had an initial survey on the routes used by the autos in Kolkata. We have also done a study on the time to time modification, rules applied on the auto rickshaws. We are also looking at newspaper reports and pamphlets and other documents, to the extent available, of the route unions.

 

  •  Training Program on GIS and Remote Sensing Application in Environmental Management

Along with the various ongoing projects we also undertake training programs. An example is the training program held from April to July, 2009 for the IEM students in collaboration with Institute of Engineering and Management. The aim of the training was to make the students acquainted with the GIS software, and the application of remote sensing in environmental management.

The students were given both theory and practical classes. During the project, the students did a project on the Ganga Basin that comprised of in-depth study of the Lower Ganga Basin. The raw data given to the students were processed using the software to help the user to determine the area of scouring and deposition.

 

  •  Environmental Awareness Programme 2009-2010

           Sponsored by: CESC Limited

Experience: The awareness was spread not only in the EKW area but also outside the EKW area in the schools of Kolkata. Afforestation program were carried out in different locations within the EKW area. Advance training was given to improve the livelihood of the people living in the EKW area.

Different schools of Kolkata were included in this awareness program. In this program we had different events like drawing competition, caption writing and a slide show presentation. It was an interactive format used to make the students fully involve in the awareness generation program.

Afforestation program was undertaken within the East Kolkata Wetlands area. A survey was done to select the location for the afforestation program. The program was carried out with the help of the local club members and the school students. Both deciduous and evergreen varieties of plants were planted in our selected location.

Different training on horticulture, pisciculture, and floriculture were given to improve their livelihood.

 





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